Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century

Potential for alleviating greenhouse gas emissions and saving fossil fuels
  • Leonard L. Bennett
  • C. Pierre Zaleski


Electricity has specific characteristics that make it attractive for many end-use purposes. It is versatile, easy to distribute, clean and efficient at the end-use point and has some non-substitutable uses (e.g., lighting, communications, computers, electric motors). Electrification of rural areas in developing countries contributes to a better distribution of employment opportunities and a more equitable access to health and education services, as well as improving the overall standard of living.


Nuclear Energy Basic Option Primary Energy Demand Ecologically Drive Primary Energy Supply 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    UNITED NATIONS STATISTICAL DIVISION, Energy Statistics Data Base (1993), UN, New York (1995).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    WORLD ENERGY COUNCIL AND INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEMS ANALYSIS, Global Energy Perspectives to 2050 and Beyond, World Energy Council, London (1995).Google Scholar
  3. WORLD COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (Brundtland, G.H., Ch), Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England (1987).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT, Agenda 21 - Action Plan for the Next Century, United Nations, New York (1992).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPCC), Climate Change 1995 - Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific and Technical Analyses, Cambridge University Press, New York (1996).Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    UNITED NATIONS, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, FCCC/CP/1997/L.7/Add.l (10 December 1997), Kyoto (1997).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    WORLD BANK, Environmental Assessment Source Book, Technical Paper No. 140, Washington, D.C. (1991).Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    WORLD BANK, GTZ, ÖKO-INSTITUTE, The Environmental Manual for Power Development, An Introduction to the EM Version 1.0, Darmstatt (1995).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    EUROPEAN COMMISSION, ExternE: Externalities of Energy, vol. 1, Summary, Report No. EUR 16520 EN, EC/DG-XII, Luxembourg (1995).Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Format and Structure of a Database on Health and Environmental Impacts of Different Energy Systems for Electricity Generation, IAEA-TECDOC-645, Vienna (April 1992).Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Methods for Comparative Risk Assessment of Different Energy Sources, IAEA-TECDOC-671, Vienna (October 1992).Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Health and Environmental Impacts of Electricity Generating Systems; Procedures for Comparative Assessment, Technical Reports Series, STI/DOC/010/394,Vienna (1999).Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY AND NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY (OECD), Nuclear Power: An Overview in the Context of Alleviating Greenhouse Gas Emissions, IAEA-TECDOC-793, Vienna (1995).Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    VLADU, I.F., “Energy Chain Analysis for Comparative Assessment in the Power Sector”, in Electricity, Health and the Environment: Comparative Assessment in Support of Decision Making (Proc. Int. Symp., Vienna, 16-19 October 1995), IAEA Proceedings Series, STI/PUB/975, IAEA, Vienna (1996).Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Enhanced Electricity System Analysis for Decision Making - A Reference Book, DECADES Project Document No. 4, Vienna (June 2000).Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY AND NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY OF OECD, Scenarios of Nuclear Power Growth in the 21st Century, Report of an Expert Group Study, unpublished report, IAEA, Vienna (23 July 1999).Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    ROGNER, H.-H., “An Assessment of World Hydrocarbon Resources”, Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 22:217–262, Annual Reviews Inc. (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY OF OECD AND INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Uranium 1997: Resources, Production and Demand, OECD, Paris (1998).Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    GRINBLAT, J.-A., Chief, Population Estimates and Projections Section, Population Division, Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations Secretariat, New York (personal communication, 23 April 1998).Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY OF OECD AND INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY, Projected Costs of Generating Electricity (Update 1998), OECD, Paris (1998).Google Scholar
  21. BAUQUIS, P.-R., Constraints on fossil fuels supplies for the next half century, Total/Fina/Elf,paper presented in the present conference.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    CHARPIN, J.-M., DESSUS, B. AND PELLAT, R., Ítude économique prospective de la filière électrique nucléaire (An economic assessment of the nuclear power industry), Paris, July 2000.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonard L. Bennett
    • 1
  • C. Pierre Zaleski
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Géopolitique de l’Énergie et des Matières PremièresUniversity of ParisDauphineParisFrance

Personalised recommendations