General Framework for Assessing Potential Human Exposures to Chemical, Biological, and Physical Agents in the Residential Environment

  • Scott Baker
  • Jeffrey Driver
  • David McCallum


Exposure assessments are used to relate contaminant sources into quantitative estimates of the amount of chemical that comes in contact with the visible exterior of an individual of potentially exposed population. The potentially exposed population is the one that does or plausibly could contact the source of contamination. This contact is the basis for estimating a potential dose used in the characterization of potential health risks. Defining exposure pathways is an important component of the exposure assessment. An exposure pathway is the course a chemical or physical agent takes from a source to an exposed individual. An exposure pathway describes a unique mechanism by which an individual or population is exposed to a chemicals or physical agents at or originating from a source. Each exposure pathway includes a source or release from a source, a transport/exposure medium (such as air) or media (in cases of intermedia transport, such as water to air) also is included.


Human Exposure Exposure Assessment Physical Agent Inhalation Exposure Exposure Pathway 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Baker
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Driver
    • 2
  • David McCallum
    • 3
  1. 1.International Copper AssociationNew YorkUSA
  2., Inc. and risksciences.netManassasUSA
  3. 3.FOCUS GROUPTilghman IslandUSA

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