Local and Efferent Neurons and Intrinsic Modular Arrangement of the Human Striatum

  • Tatiana A. Leontovich

Abstract

The goal of this article is to give a short overview of the structural organization of human striatum as revealed in our studies. We will focus specifically on the three aspects of this organization that appear in the title: local circuit neurons, efferent neurons, and intrinsic modules. Although the format of a book chapter excludes the possibility of presenting detailed data, the extreme complexity of the structural organization of human striatum, a complexity exceeding that of any previous models, should become obvious from the description provided below.

Keywords

Glycerol Neurol Paraffin Lost 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, G., and DeLong, M., 1985, Microstimulation of the primate neostriatum. II. Somatotopic organization of striatal microexcitable zones and their relation to neuronal response properties, J.Neurophysiol. 53:1417.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Braak, H., and Braak, E., 1982, Neuronal types in the striatum of man, Cell Tiss. Res. 227:319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. DiFiglia, M., and Carey, J., 1986, Large neurons in the primate neostriatum examined with the combined Golgi-electron microscopic method, J. Compar. Neurol. 244:36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dimova, R., and Usunoff, K., 1989, Cortical projection of giant neostriatal neurons in the cat. Light and electron microscopic horseradish peroxidase study, Brain Res. Bull. 22:489.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eder, M., Vizkelety, T., and Tombol, T., 1980, Nerve cells of the rabbit, cat, monkey and human caudate nucleus: Golgi study, Acta. morphol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 28:337.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ermolenko, S., Kasabov, G., Pavlidis, T., and Lebedeva, N., 1976, Afferent projections of caudate nucleus to the monkey neocortex, Arch. Anat., Histol., Embriol. 71:9 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  7. Goldman-Rakic, P., 1982, Cytoarchitectonic heterogeneity of the primate neostriatum: subdivision into island and matrix cellular compartments, J. Comp. Neurol. 205:398.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Graveland, G., Williams, R., and DiFiglia, M., 1985, A Golgi study of the human neostriatum: neurons and afferent fibers, J. Comp. Neurol. 234:317.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hassler R., Chung J., Wagner, A., and Renne, V., 1977, Experimental demonstration of intrinsic synapses in cat’s caudate nucleus, Neurosci. Let. 5:117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Holt, D.J., Graybiel, A.M, and Saper, C.B., 1997, Neurochemical architecture of the human striatum, J. Comp.Neurol. 384:1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jayaraman, A., 1980, Anatomical evidence for cortical projections from the striatum in the cat, Brain Res.195:29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kluver, H., and Barrera, E., 1953, A method for the combined staining of cells and fibers in the nervous system, J. Neuropath. a. Exp. Neurol. 12:400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Künzle, H., 1975, Bilateral projection from precentral motor cortex to the putamen. An autoradiographic study in macaca fascicularis, Brain Res. 88:192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Leontovich, T.A., 1954, Minute structure of subcortical ganglia, J. Neuropath. Psychiatry, 5:168 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  15. Leontovich, T.A., 1969, The neurons of magnocellular neurosecretory nuclei of the dog’s hypothalamus, J.Hirnforschung, 11:499.Google Scholar
  16. Leontovich, T.A., 1973, Methodik zur quantitativen Beschreibung subcorticaler Neurone, J. Hirnforschung,14:59.Google Scholar
  17. Leontovich, T.A., 1975 Quantitative analysis and classification of subcortical forebrain neurons, in: Golgi Centennial Symposium, M. Santini, ed., Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Leontovich, T.A., 1978, Neuronal Organization of Subcortical Forebrain Formations, Medizina, Moscow (In Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Leontovich, T.A., 1983, Spatial organization of tissue elements in dog’s caudate nucleus, Neurophysiology,15:474(In Russian).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Leontovich, T.A., 1994, Intrinsic morphological differentiation of putamen in carnivora (in a dog) and in man,J. Physiology, 80:23 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  21. Leontovich, T.A., and Zhukova, G.P., 1963, The specificity of the neuronal structure and topography of the reticular formation of the brain and spinal cord of carnivora, J. Comp. Neurol. 121:347.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Majsky, V.A., 1983, Structural Organization and Integration of Centrifugal Neuronal Systems of the Brain and Spinal Cord, Naukova Dumka, Kiev (In Russian).Google Scholar
  23. Mukhina, J.K., Mukhin, E.I., and Leontovich, T.A., 1986, Efferent connections of striatum with the area EP of the cat’s temporal cortex, Arkhiv. Anat. Histol. Embryol. 91:5 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Quinn, B., and Graybiel, A., 1994, Myeloarchitectonics of the primate caudate-putamen, in: The Basal Ganglia IV, G. Percheron, ed., Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  25. Ramon-Moliner, E., and Nauta, W., 1966, The isodendritic core of the brain stem, J. Comp. Neurol. 126:311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ramon y Cajal, S., 1911, Histologie du Systeme Nerveux de l’Homme et des Vertebres, Maloine, Paris.Google Scholar
  27. Revischin, A.V., Radionova, E.I., and Leontovich, T.A., 2000, Relation of striosomes and structural moduli in cat and human striatum, Dokladi Akademii Nauk. (In Russian) In press.Google Scholar
  28. Selemon, L., Gottlieb, J., and Goldman-Rakic, P., 1994, Islands and striosomes in neostriatum of the rhesus monkey - nonequivalent compartments, Neuroscience, 58:183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Yelnik, J., François, C., Percheron, G., and Tandé, D., 1991, Morphological taxonomy of the neurons of the primate striatum, J. Comp. Neurol. 313:273.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatiana A. Leontovich
    • 1
  1. 1.Brain Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations