Western European Earlier Bronze Age

Tumulus Culture
  • Peter N. Peregrine


The Earlier Bronze Age tradition existed during the Sub-Boreal period, in which climatic conditions were somewhat warmer (about 1 to 2 degrees C) and wetter than today. Within the broad area encompassed by the Earlier Bronze Age, somewhat cooler and wetter conditions existed in the west, particularly along the Atlantic, warmer and drier conditions in the south, particularly along the Mediterranean, and more variable continental conditions in the east.


Wild Plant Food Small Mound Bell Beaker Sociopolitical Organization Personal Ornament 
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Suggested Readings

  1. Briard, Jacques (1979).The Bronze Age in Barbarian Europe. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Coles, J. M. and A. F. Harding (1979).The Bronze Age in Europe. New York: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  3. Harding, A. F. (1983). “The Bronze Age in Central and Eastern Europe: Advances and Prospects.” InAdvances in World Archaeology, Vol. 2, ed. F. Wendorf and A. Close. New York: Academic; 1-50.Google Scholar
  4. Milisauskas, Sarunas (1978).European Prehistory. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  5. Sherratt, Andrew (1994). “The Emergence of Elites: Earlier Bronze Age Europe, 2500-1300 b.c.”Oxford Illustrated Prehistory of Europe, ed. Barry Cunliffe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 244-276.Google Scholar
  6. Shennan, S. (1975). “The Social Organization at Branc.”Antiquity49: 279-288.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter N. Peregrine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyLawrence UniversityWisconsinUSA

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