Androgens in Penile Development, Penile Erection, and Erectile Dysfunction

  • Johnny A. Chang
  • Nguyen Hiep T. 
  • Tom F. Lue


Simply stated, androgens are essential for normal penile development. However, the exact molecular mechanisms by which androgens affect the formation of the penis remain largely unknown. In this chapter, we will review the embryology of the penis and our current, but limited, understanding of the role of androgens in the development of the penis.


Androgen Receptor Erectile Dysfunction Erectile Function Penile Erection Testosterone Enanthate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johnny A. Chang
    • 1
  • Nguyen Hiep T. 
    • 1
  • Tom F. Lue
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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