Stealth Parasites: The Under Appreciated Burden of Parasitic Zoonoses in North America

  • J. L. Gauthier
  • Anuj Gupta
  • Peter Hotez
Part of the World Class Parasites book series (WCPA, volume 6)

Abstract

It has been estimated that 80 percent of all described human infections are caused by agents which are shared by or naturally transmitted between other vertebrate animals and humans (Schwabe, 1984). These naturally transmissible infections are called zoonoses. Many of the most important human diseases worldwide are zoonoses, as are most of the emerging infections recognized in the past half-century. Of nine infectious epidemic diseases that WHO considers “either new or volatile or pose an important public health threat”, five have known animal reservoirs (WHO, 2000). A recent analysis ascribes 73 percent of human emerging infectious diseases to zoonotic pathogens (Taylor and Woolhouse, 2000).

Keywords

Diarrhea Beach Manure Egypt Encephalitis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Gauthier
    • 1
  • Anuj Gupta
    • 2
  • Peter Hotez
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Tropical MedicineThe George Washington University Medical CenterWashingtonUSA

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