Cigarette Smoking, Coronary Heart Disease and All-Causes Mortality in the Seven Countries Study

  • Daan Kromhout
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 243)


When the Seven Countries Study started in 1958 the relationship between cigarette smoking and lung cancer was already known (1,2). The 1962 data of the Framingham and Albany studies showed that cigarette smoking was also an important risk factor for CHD (3). At that time, high prevalence rates of cigarette smoking (75-90%) were observed in middle-aged men in Great Britain and the Netherlands (4,5). However, men who died from tobacco-related diseases in the 1950s had been exposed to the habit for a relatively short period. The full health consequences of long-term exposure to cigarette smoking have only recently become evident (6).


Coronary Heart Disease Cigarette Smoking Country Study Lung Cancer Death Finnish Cohort 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

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  • Daan Kromhout

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