The Five-Factor Model of Personality Across Cultures

Part of the series International and Cultural Psychology Series pp 249-260

Personality and Culture

The Portuguese Case
  • Margarida Pedroso de LimaAffiliated withUniversidade de Coimbra

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The Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) is the best known operationalization of the Five-Factor Model. Its validity and comprehensiveness justify its translation into many different languages. In this chapter the author presents the results of a validation of the NEO-PI-R for the Portuguese population and analyzes and reflects about the characteristic features of Portuguese personality. Some qualitative data are presented and discussed. Finally, some theoretical comments are made about culture and its powerful relations to personality and trait expression.


NEO-PI-R Five-Factor Model personality culture Portuguese validation