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Systema Porifera pp 1051-1060 | Cite as

Family Spongiidae Gray, 1867

  • Steve C. de Cook
  • Patricia R. Bergquist

Abstract

Spongiidae Gray (Demospongiae, Dictyoceratida) consists of six valid genera, one of which, Spongia, includes three subgenera. There are 91 nominal species. Spongiids are characterised by their homogeneous skeletal fibres and dense fibre skeleton. Within the family, the most important characters used to distinguish genera are surface armouring, skeletal morphology, and the development of sub-dermal or internal lacunae. Choanocyte chambers are diplodal, and the amount of collagen reinforcing within the matrix is variable.

Keywords

Porifera Demospongiae Dictyoceratida Spongiidae Spongia Spongia (Spongia) Spongia (Australospongia) Spongia (Heterofibria) Hippospongia Coscinoderma Hyattella Leiosella Rhopaloeides 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steve C. de Cook
    • 1
  • Patricia R. Bergquist
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medical and Health SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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