Contraceptive Technology

  • Anne Foster-Rosales
  • Felicia H. Stewart
Part of the Issues in Women’s Health book series (WOHI)


Contraception is not a modern concept; from ancient times to the present day, human beings have sought to control their fertility. Withdrawal, coitus interruptus for the purpose of avoiding pregnancy, is mentioned in Genesis, and historians, anthropologists, and archeolo-gists describe a wide variety of strategies, including botanical preparations and barriers used for their antifertility effects, in virtually every culture studied. Many societies noted the connection between sexual intercourse and pregnancy, and also identified menarche as a marker for the beginning of a woman’s fertility. Sperm were first described in 1677 by Leeuwen-hoek, one of the most significant discoveries made possible by his work developing microscopy (Robertson, 1990).


Bacterial Vaginosis Contraceptive Method Unintended Pregnancy Emergency Contraception Toxic Shock Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Foster-Rosales
    • 1
  • Felicia H. Stewart
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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