Is “Treatment” the Right Way to Think about It?
I come to this chapter, and to the transition in perspective that it reflects, as a clinical psychologist trained in a traditional scientist-practitioner model. My graduate education and thus my early teaching and research focused on individual pathology and its treatment. Both the program from which I received my Ph.D. training and the one in which I have taught for 25 years are accredited by the American Psychological Association, and reflect its model of clinical training: the psychologist learns to recognize and diagnose psychopathology, to assess its manifestations in the individual, to develop a treatment plan (ideally based on empirically supported methods), and to administer treatment interventions appropriate to remove or ameliorate the identified pathology and deficits. In short, most psychologists are trained to be expert physicians of the psyche. Indeed, in the mid-20th century, a heated battle was fought over whether psychotherapy could be provided only by medical doctors.
KeywordsSubstance Abuse Treatment Alcohol Problem Problem Drinker Addictive Behavior Addiction Treatment
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