Toxic Turmoil pp 163-182 | Cite as

Perceived Health and Psychosocial Well-Being in the Aral Sea Area

Results from a Survey in an Area of Slow Environmental Degradation
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


The Aral Sea was once the fourth-largest inland body of water in the world. Within less than one generation, its surface area shrank by half and its volume was reduced by 75%. The shoreline receded in places by more than 100 kilometers, leaving behind a thick crust of salt. This situation is the tragic sum of human interventions drastically gone awry plus subsequent neglect of national authorities and inertia of the international community. The environmental and social implications are catastrophic. The sea’s destruction has affected the entire ecology of the basin and the health of the 5 million people who live there.


Somatic Symptom General Health Questionnaire Psychosocial Impact Medecins Sans Frontieres Environmental Disaster 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Médecins sans Frontières (Holland), Aral Sea Area ProgramUzbekistan
  2. 2.McMaster Institute of Environment and HealthHamilton, OntarioCanada
  3. 3.Médecins sans Frontières, UK OfficeUK

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