Gender Identity and Sex Assignment: A Reappraisal for the 21st Century

  • William G. Reiner
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 511)


Identity is the core of human existence. This existential reality manifests itself in the human as a species-specific evolutionary focal point. It appears that no other earthly species abstractly contemplates its very nature. This is as important for a discussion of identity in general as it is for the concept of gender identity.


Sexual Dimorphism Gender Identity Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Ambiguous Genitalia Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • William G. Reiner
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry,Division of Pediatric Urology, Department of UrologyJohns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA

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