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The Structure of Jahn-Teller Polarons in the Colossal Magnetoresistive Manganites

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From Semiconductors to Proteins: Beyond the Average Structure

Part of the book series: Fundamental Materials Research ((FMRE))

Abstract

The observation of large negative magnetoresistive effects1,2,3 has generated tremendous scientific and technical interest in the perovskite manganites and related materials. These phenomena are commonly classified under the heading “colossal magnetoresistance” (CMR) to distinguish them from magnetoresistive effects in metals and metal-multilayers. CMR effects are observed in conjunction with the formation of a ferromagnetic metallic (FM) state at low temperatures and/or high magnetic fields. The close connection between the magnetism and the charge transport in these mixed-valence Mn3+n4+ materials is commonly believed to have its origin in the magnetic double-exchange interaction45in which itinerant eaelectrons mediate the ferromagnetic coupling between neighboring Mn core spins. Recent works have shown that double-exchange alone is insufficient to explain the extraordinary magnetoresistance values observed experimentally, so that electron-phonon interactions must also be invoked.67Alternatively, a direct Mn-Mn magnetic exchange interaction has been reported to better explain8the insensitivity of the Curie temperature (Tc) to the carrier concentration in oxygen-depleted samples.9This model also relies on strong electron-lattice coupling, which occurs via the Jahn-Teller (JT) mechanism10in which an Mn3+O6octahedron experiences a spontaneous distortion designed to break the degeneracy of its e5orbital, and thus lower the energy of its extra electron. If the coupling is strong, the electron may induce a significant local distortion of the lattice, which then follows the electron as it hops from site to site, thus forming a polaron.8,11,12

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Campbell, B.J., Billinge, S.J.L., Lynn, J.W., Osborn, R., Sinha, S.K. (2002). The Structure of Jahn-Teller Polarons in the Colossal Magnetoresistive Manganites. In: Billinge, S.J.L., Thorpe, M.F. (eds) From Semiconductors to Proteins: Beyond the Average Structure. Fundamental Materials Research. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0613-3_11

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