Production, Science and Epistemology. An Overview on New Models and Scenarios

  • Simone Turchetti
  • Mauro Capocci
  • Elena Gagliasso

Abstract

During the XX century, the industrial and economic organization of developed countries has radically changed. First, the development of new technologies has moved production from linear mechanisms such as the Fordist assembly line to complex industrial networks in which information and communication play a central role. Moreover, this development has deeply modified scientific and technological R&D and more generally it has had an impact on the structure of scientific and technological research establishments and their epistemological framework. This new scenario opens still unquestioned problems. Has the end of the Fordist factory something to do with the end of obsolete Big Science institutions? Does the birth of new research establishments fit within a general change of production models? And finally, to what extent does this change affect the epistemological framework? The changes involving the context of production, science and epistemology are crucial to understand the development of model-based reasoning. Therefore we will try here to compare and contrast them.

Keywords

Assembly Line Human Genome Project Knowledge Factory Technological Research Establishment Organizational Chart 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amin, A., ed., 1994, Post-Fordism: A Reader, Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  2. Becattini, G., 1998, Distretti industriali e made in Italy. Le basi socioculturali del nostro sviluppo economico, Bollati Boringhieri, Turin.Google Scholar
  3. Beveridge, W.H., 1944, Full Employment in a Free Society, Allen & Unwin, London.Google Scholar
  4. Bologna, S. and Fumagalli A., 1997, Il lavoro autonomo di seconda generazione, Feltrinelli, Milan.Google Scholar
  5. Cini, M., 1994, Un paradiso perduto: dall’universo delle leggi naturali al mondo dei processi evolutivi, Feltrinelli, Milan.Google Scholar
  6. De Solla Price, D., 1963, Little Science, Big Science, Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Edwards, P., 1996, The Closed World, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  8. Gagliasso, E., 1996, L’uniformazione e la varianza: una critica delle monoculture disciplinari, in: Biotecnologie: le frontiere nello sfruttamento della natura, LA.S.E.R., ed.. University “La Sapienza”, Rome.Google Scholar
  9. Galison, P., 1997, Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics, Chicago University Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  10. Huxley, J., 1934, Scientific Research and Social Needs, Watts and Co., London.Google Scholar
  11. Kevles, D., 1997, Big science and big politics in the United States: Reflections on the death of the SSC and the life of the human genome project, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 27:269–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kornberg, A., 1995, The Golden Helix: Inside the Biotech Ventures, University Science Books, Sausalito (CA).Google Scholar
  13. LA.S.E.R., forthcoming, La scienza e il post-fordismo, DeriveApprodi, Rome.Google Scholar
  14. Latour, B., 1987, Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society, Open University Press, Milton Keynes.Google Scholar
  15. Mackenzie, D., 1991, The influence of the Los Alamos and Livermore National Laboratories on the development of supercomputing, Annals of History of Computing 13:179–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Massey, D., 1992, High-Tech Fantasies: Science Parks in Society, Science and Space, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  17. Mayr, E., 1982, The Growth of Biological Thought. Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance, Belknap press at Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  18. Noble, D., 1987, Command performance: A perspective on the social and economic consequences of military enterprise, in: Military Enterprise and Technological Change, Smith, M.R., ed., MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp.330–346.Google Scholar
  19. Noble, D., 1984, Forces of Production. A Social History of Industrial Automation, Knopf, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Panzieri, R., 1976, Sull’uso capitalistico delle macchine, in: Lotte operaie nello sviluppo capitalistico, Panzieri, R., ed., Einaudi, Turin.Google Scholar
  21. Rhodes, R., 1986, The Making of the Atomic Bomb, Penguin, London, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Rocco, A., 1997, II mondo racchiuso in un computer. Intervista con Paulina Boorsock, II Manifesto, February, 26, 1997.Google Scholar
  23. Tagliagambe, S., 1997, L’epistemologia del confine, II Saggiatore, Milano.Google Scholar
  24. Traweek, S., 1988, Beamtimes and Lifetimes. The World of High Energy Physicists, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  25. Zanini, A. and Fadini, U., eds., 2001, Lessico Postfordista. Dizionario di idee della mutazi-one, Feltrinelli, Milan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone Turchetti
    • 1
  • Mauro Capocci
    • 2
  • Elena Gagliasso
    • 3
  1. 1.CHSTMUniversity of ManchesterMachesterUK
  2. 2.Department of Animal Biology and GeneticsUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  3. 3.Department of Epistemological and Philosophical StudiesUniversity of Rome La SapienzaRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations