Sophia-Antipolis as a technopolis phenomenon: is myth becoming reality?

  • Michel Quéré
Part of the Economics of Science, Technology and Innovation book series (ESTI, volume 29)


This contribution discusses the importance of the spatial dimension of localized knowledge by focussing the analysis on a specific territorial area: the Sophia-Antipolis park, located in the south of France. This chapter establishes how the production of knowledge is closely related to the process of accumulation that has moulded the economic working of companies located in the Sophia-Antipolis park. Economic working refers partly to quantitative aspects, but mainly to the nature of inter-firms relationships, to the physiology of local science-industry partnerships, and, more largely, to the characteristics of the local labour market (Quéré, 1999). In that respect, Sophia-Antipolis is very interesting. Obviously, it starts from scratch in the seventies and progressively appears for some sectoral patterns as one of the most suited locations in Europe where “high-tech” activities have concentrated (mainly information and communication technologies [ICTs]). As this project is only 30 years old, it is possible to have a complete vision of its development and to analyse its transformation toward an actual technopolis-type of economic working. Section 17.2 analyses the role of history in the emergence of localized knowledge for some of the dominant activities. Section 17.3 deals in more detail with the transition toward the technopolis-type of economic functioning. Section 17.4 discusses the necessary conditions to promote the development of localized knowledge by focussing more especially on major requirements for the local institutional infrastructure. Concluding remarks address some related policy implications.


Localize Knowledge Large Company Local Labour Market Industrial District Innovative Behaviour 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Gaffard J.L. and Quéré M. (1996), “The diversity of European regions and the conditions for a sustainable Economic Growth”, in Vence Deza X. and Metcalfe J.S. (eds.)Wealth from DiversityKluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  2. Longhi C. and Quéré M. (1997a), “Technopolises and technological development”, in Rabkin J. (ed.)Diffusion of New Technologies in the Post-communist WorldKluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  3. Longhi C. and Quéré M. (1997b), “The Sophia-Antipolis Project or the Uncertain Creation of an Innovative Milieu”, in Ratti R, Bramanti A. and Gordon R. (eds.)The Dynamics of Innovative RegionsAshgate, Aldershot.Google Scholar
  4. Quéré M. (1997), “Sophia-Antipolis as a local system of innovation”Economia & Lavorovol. 31, no. 3–4, p. 259–272.Google Scholar
  5. Quéré M. (1998), (ed.), Les technopoles en Europe, Enjeux et Atouts de la diversité, AFT/DATAR, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. Quéré M. (1999), “Innovation, growth, and co-ordination through institutions: a discussion about `innovation systems”’, in, Fabel O., Farina F. and Punzo L. (eds.)European Economies in TransitionMacmillan Press, London.Google Scholar
  7. Quéré M. and Ravix J.L. (1997), “Production de connaissance et institutions innovatrices: le chercheur-entrepreneur”Revue d’Economie Industriellevol. 79, p. 213–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Quéré

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations