Advertisement

Best Practices in the World’s Oldest Desert

  • M. K. Seely
  • J. R. Henschel
Chapter

Abstract

Promoting best practices for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of global significance in the semiarid areas of Namibia is being undertaken by a loose public, private, nongovernmental (NGO) partnership. This is being led by the public sector that manages a number of established national parks and more recently, in partnership with the NGO community, is promoting community based natural resource management through conservancies on commercial and communal farming lands. The private sector is primarily involved in tourism that provides the foreign exchange income motivating the public sector, with its many alternative social responsibilities, to retain their interest in biodiversity. In the arid areas of Namibia, a similar situation prevails with differences of emphasis but not overall pattern.

Keywords

Natural Resource Management Arid Area Southern African Development Community South African Journal Transvaal Museum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amoomo, H., Elago, P., Gaseb, N., Hoveka, V., Khairabes, M., Mbangula, E., Maharukua, V., Mukuya, S., Ndjeula, G., Noongo, E., Shinedima, R., and Zaaruka, B. 2000. Determining the water reserve for the Kuiseb River. In: Hamilton, W.J, Klintenberg, P., Montgomery, S., and Seely, M (Eds.) DRFN Occasional Paper No 11. Windhoek, Namibia. 61 pages.Google Scholar
  2. Barnard, P. (Ed.) 1998. Biological Diversity in Namibia—A Country Study. Namibian National Biodiversity Task Force, Windhoek. 325 pages.Google Scholar
  3. Barnard, P., Brown, C. J., Jarvis, A. M., Robertson, A., and van Rooyen, L. 1998. Extending the Namibian protected area network to safeguard hotspots of endemism and diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 7: 531–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barnard, P., Shikongo, S., and Zeidler, J. 2002. Biodiversity and Development in Namibia: Namibia’s Ten Year Strategic Plan of Action for Sustainable Development Through Biodiversity Conservation (2001–2010). Directorate of Environmental Affairs, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek. 138 pages.Google Scholar
  5. Bornman, C.H. 1978. Welwitschia. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. 71 pages.Google Scholar
  6. Botelle, A., and Kowalski, K. 1995. Changing Resource Use in Namibia’s Lower Kuiseb River valley: Perceptions from the Topnaar Community. Institute of Southern African Studies at the University of Lesotho and the Social Sciences Division at the University of Namibia, Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Windhoek. 145 pages.Google Scholar
  7. Burke, A. 1997. Is the grass always greener at certain sites? A contribution to patch dynamics in the central Namib desert. Tropical Ecology 38: 125–127.Google Scholar
  8. Daneel, J.L. 1992. The Impact of Off-Road Vehicle Traffic on the Gravel Plains of the Central Namib Desert. Namibia. Master of Science thesis, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg. 117 pages.Google Scholar
  9. Dausab, R., and Jones, R. 1997. Report on the Topnaar-Richtersveld Exchange. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Gobabeb. 17 pages.Google Scholar
  10. de Vos, A. 1979. The need for an action programme on wildlife conservat ion in arid and semi-arid regions of Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 2: 369–372.Google Scholar
  11. Goudie, A.S. 1972. Climate, weathering, crust formation, dunes, and fluvial features of the central Namib desert, near Gobabeb, South West Africa. Madoqua, Series II 1: 15–31.Google Scholar
  12. Hachfeld, B. 2000. Rain, fog and species richness in the Central Namib Desert in the exceptional rainy season of 1999/2000. Dinteria 26: 113–146.Google Scholar
  13. Henschel, J.R., and Henschel, I.A. 2001. DRFN Bibliography 2001, 1418 Publications. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Windhoek. 37 pages.Google Scholar
  14. Henschel, J.R, Dausab R., Moser, P., and Pallett, J. (Eds). In press. NARA Natural Resource Management of the Aonin !nara Fruit as the Basis for Development of the !Khuiseb Topnaar. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia and Namibian Scientific Society, Windhoek.Google Scholar
  15. Henschel, J.R., Mtuleni, V., Gruntkowski, N., Seely, M.K., and Shanyengana, S.E. 1998. Namfog: Namibian Application of Fog-Collecting Systems, Phase I: Evaluation of Fog-Water Harvesting. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Occasional Paper No. 8. 81 pages.Google Scholar
  16. Henschel, J.R., and Seely, M.K. 2000. Long-term growth patterns of Welwitschia mirabilis, a long-lived plant of the Namib Desert (including a bibliography). Plant Ecology 150: 7–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Henschel, J.R, Seely, M.K., and Zeidler, J. 2000. Long-term ecological research at Gobabeb: Gaining and applying knowledge about a highly variable environment. Journal of the Namibia Scientific Society 48: 89–115.Google Scholar
  18. Jacobson, P.J., Jacobson, K.M., and Seely, M.K. 1995. Ephemeral Rivers and Their Catchments: Sustaining People and Development in Western Namibia. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia, Windhoek. 167 pages.Google Scholar
  19. Koch, C. 1962. The Tenebrionidae of southern Africa. 31: Comprehensive notes on the tenebrionid fauna of the Namib Desert. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 24: 61–106.Google Scholar
  20. Lancaster, N. 1989. The Namib Sand Sea. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 179 pages.Google Scholar
  21. Lovegrove, B. 1993. The Living Deserts of Southern Africa. Fernwood Press, Cape Town. 224 pages.Google Scholar
  22. Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A, Mittermeier, C.G, da Fonseca, G.A.B., and Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pallett, J. (Ed.) 1995. The Sperrgebiet Namibia’s Least Known Wilderness. Desert Research Foundation of Namibia (DRFN) and NAMDEB Diamond Corporation (Pty) Ltd., Windhoek. 84 pages.Google Scholar
  24. Seely, M.K. 1978. Grassland productivity: The desert end of the curve. South African Journal of Science 74: 295–297.Google Scholar
  25. Seely, M.K. (Ed.) 1990. Namib Ecology: 25 years of Namib Research. Transvaal Museum Monograph 7, Transvaal Museum, Pretoria. 223 pages.Google Scholar
  26. Seely, M. 1992. The Namib: Natural History of an Ancient Desert. Shell Namibia Ltd. Windhoek, Namibia. 108 pages.Google Scholar
  27. Seely, M.K. 1998. Can science and community action connect to combat desertification? Journal of Arid Environments 39: 267–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seely, M.K., and Hamilton, W.J. 1976. Fog catchment sand trenches constructed by Tenebrionid beetles, Lepidochora, from the Namib Desert. Science 193: 484–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Seely, M.K. and Hamilton, W.J. 1978. Durability of vehicle tracks on three Namib Desert substrates. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 8: 107–111.Google Scholar
  30. Seely, M.K., Henschel, J.R., and Robertson, M. 1998. The ecology of fog in Namib sand dunes. Pages 183–186 In: Schemenauer, R.S. and Bridgman, H. (Eds.) Proceedings: 1st International Conference on Fog and Fog Collection. Vancouver, Canada.Google Scholar
  31. Seely, M.K., Henschel, J.R., Zeidler, J., and Shanyengana, E.S.C. 2000. Namib research: Its development at Gobabeb and implications for Namibia. Journal of the Namibia Scientific Society 48: 62–88.Google Scholar
  32. Seely, M.K., and Jacobson, K.M. 1994. Desertification and Namibia: A perspective. Journal of African Zoology 108: 21–36.Google Scholar
  33. Seely, M., and Wöhl, H. 2001. Research competence in combating desertification. Entwicklung and Ländlicher Raurn 35: 15–19.Google Scholar
  34. Seely, M.K, Zeidler, J., Henschel, J.R, and Barnard, P. In press. Creative problem solving in support of biodiversity conservation. Journal of Arid Environments.Google Scholar
  35. Swanson, T., Barnes, J., and de Jager, J.V. 1996. Conflicts in wildlife conservation-the role of property rights in their resolution: The southern African conservancies. Pages 191–331 In: Swanson, T.M., Fernandez Ugalde, C., and Luxmoore, R.A (Eds.) A Survey of Wildlife Management Regimes for Sustainable Utilization. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  36. Tarr, P.W. 1996. Namibia’s environmental assessment policy. Namibia Environment 1: 135–138.Google Scholar
  37. Turner, S.D. 1996. Conservancies in Namibia: A Model for Successful Common Property Resource Management. Multidisciplinary Research Centre, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia. 42 pages.Google Scholar
  38. Van den Eynden, V., Vernemmen, P., and Van Damme, P. 1992. The Ethnobotany of the Topnaar. Universiteit Gent, Gent. 145 pages.Google Scholar
  39. Yeaton, R.I. 1988. Structure and function of the Namib dune grasslands: Characteristics of the environmental gradients and species distributions. Journal of Ecology 76: 744–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. K. Seely
    • 1
  • J. R. Henschel
    • 1
  1. 1.Desert Research Foundation of NamibiaGobabeb Training and Research CentreWindhoekNamibia

Personalised recommendations