Sustainable Energy Scenarios Using Green Energy for India
Energy sources are a vital factor for any developing country like India. To aid in its economic growth, the energy source should be sustainable and renewable energy is one such option. However, it is found that its contribution in India has declined over the years. Recently an impetus has been given by the Government of India to boost its application. An optimization model, which minimizes the cost-efficiency ratio subject to various constraints on demand, social acceptance, potential, reliability, emission and employment has been developed. This model indicates an increase in solar energy consumption at about 2005–06. In these early years, around 2005–06, bio-resources and wind is found to be the major contributors. In the later years, during 2020–21, solar energy and direct combustion of biomass together, will contribute around 78% of the total renewable energy. Parameters like reliability, potential, employment, emission and demand are varied and their effect on the model is studied. The study reveals that if the reliability of wind increases, the contribution would increase to 7.1% in 2020–21 from the present value of 3.1%. Technological innovations are also needed in the solar energy sector to make this source a competitive one.
KeywordsRenewable Energy Solar Energy Wind Energy Social Acceptance Allowable Emission
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