Sperm Motility: Patterns and Regulation

  • Srinivasan Vijayaraghavan

Abstract

Spermatozoa are the only cells destined to be exported from the body. Thus, motility is an essential property of fertile spermatozoa. It enables ejaculated spermatozoa to traverse the female reproductive tract and reach the site of fertilization; it is also essential for penetration of the outer investments of the oocyte including the zona pellucida. This chapter will describe the following aspects of mammalian sperm motility: structure of the flagellum, development of motility in the epididymis, changes in sperm movement patterns following ejaculation and during fertilization, biochemical mechanisms regulating sperm kinetic activity, methods to quantitate sperm motility, and a brief outline of the methods available to alter sperm motility in vitro.

Keywords

Adenosine Bicarbonate Caffeine Fructose Androgen 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Srinivasan Vijayaraghavan
    • 1
  1. 1.Kent State UniversityKentUSA

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