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Extra-Territorial Offices of Exchange,the USO and International Trade

A Problem and a Solution
  • Donald Campbell
  • Jeremy Cotton
  • Gerard Power
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series book series (TREP, volume 44)

Abstract

The authors make the following argument in this paper. Unless certain conditions are met, the bringing of foreign mail into a country under the Terminal Dues regime by Extra-Territorial Offices of Exchange (ETOEs) runs counter to the spirit of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and the Universal Service Obligation (USO). In addition, such activity raises questions about the integrity of observation of the rules of international trade by the countries hosting ETOEs, as well as destination countries. Fundamentally, the authors’ position is that the member states of the UPU have assumed the USO; the member states of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have assumed certain trade disciplines under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS); and ETOEs have wreaked havoc upon these regimes, which had otherwise been serving the world well. Finally, the authors contend that the dis-equilibrium wrought by ETOEs could be reversed if ETOEs were to be brought within the disciplines of the USO and the GATS.

Keywords

Member State International Trade World Trade Organization Destination Country Postal Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Campbell, James I. 2001. “Reforming the Universal Postal Union.” In Future Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer. Boston, MA Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Universal Postal Convention. 1999. Berne.Google Scholar
  3. Universal Postal Union. 2002. “Extra-Territorial Offices of Exchange Marketing Aspects,” CA EP GTU 2002.1 — Doc 4b.Google Scholar
  4. Universal Postal Union. 2002. “Extraterritorial Offices of Exchange (ETOEs),” CA EP GTU 2002.1 — Doc 4c.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald Campbell
    • 1
  • Jeremy Cotton
    • 1
  • Gerard Power
    • 1
  1. 1.Canada Post CorporationCanada

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