Advertisement

Sleep pp 333-336 | Cite as

Hypersomnias

Introduction
  • M. Billiard

Abstract

Falling asleep reading a paper or a book, or in conversation with friends, hearing only part of a lecture, falling asleep at the wheel, sleeping 12 hours a night and being unable to wake up in the morning, are all abnormal situations testifying to hypersomnia. But where do the limits lie? Hypersomnia begins at the point when the subject feels that his everyday life is affected, or else does not realise what is happening but suffers from the consequences in the form of car or machine accidents or reduced performance of any kind.

Keywords

Sleep Disorder Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Encephalitis Lethargica Delay Sleep Phase Syndrome Shift Work Sleep Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    BILLIARD M., ALPEROVITCH A., PEROT C., JAMMES A. - Excessive daytime somnolence in young men: prevalence and contributing factors. Sleep, 10, 297–305, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    BURWELL C.S., ROBIN E.D., WHALEY R.D., BICKELMANN A.G. - Extreme obesity with alveolar hypoventilation: a Pickwickian syndrome. Am. J. Med., 21, 811–818, 1956.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    DINGES D.F., KRIBBS N.B. - Performing while asleep: effects of experimentally-induced sleepiness. In: Monk T. (ed), Sleep, Sleepiness and Performance. John Wiley & Sons. New York, NY. 97–128, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ENRIGHT P.L., NEWMAN A.B., WAHL P.W., MANOLIO T.A., HAPONIK E.F., BOYLE P.J.R.- Prevalence and correlates of snoring and observed apneas in 5201 older adults. Sleep, 19, 531–538, 1996.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    FINDLEY L.J., UNVERZAGT M.E., GUCHU R., FABRIZIO M., BUCKNER J., SURATT P. - Vigilance and automobile accidents in patients with sleep apnea or narcolepsy. Chest, 108, 619–624, 1995.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    FORD D.E., KAMEROW D.B. - Epidemiologic studies of sleep disturbances and psychiatric disorders. JAMA, 262, 1479–1484, 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    GELINEAU J. - De la narcolepsie. Gaz. des Hop. Paris. 55, 626-628, 635–637, 1880.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    GISLASON T., ALMQVIST M. - Somatic diseases and sleep complaints: an epidemiological study of 3201 Swedish men. Acta Med Scand. 221, 475–4 81, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    HAYS J.C., BLAZER D.G., FOLEY D.J. - Risk of napping: excessive daytime slepiness and mortality in an older community population. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 44, 693–698, 1996.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    HODDES E., ZARCONE V., SMYTHE H., PHILLIPS R., DEMENT W.C. - Quantification of sleepiness: A new approach. Psychophysiol., 10, 431 -436, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    HUBLIN C., KAPRIO J., PARTINEN M., KOSKENVUO M., HEIKKILA K., KOSKIMIES S., GUILLEMINAULT C. - The prevalence of narcolepsy: an epidemiological study of the Finnish Twin Cohort. Ann. Neurol. 35, 709–716, 1994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    JANSON C., GISLASON T., DE BACKER W., PLASCHKE P., BJORNSSON E., HETTA J., KRISTBJARNASON H., VERMEIRE P., BOMAN G. - Prevalence of sleep disturbances among young adults in three European countries. Sleep 18, 589–597, 1995.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    KLEINE W. - Periodische Schlafsucht. Mschr. Psychiat. Neurol. 57, 285–320, 1925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    KLEITMAN N. - Sleep and Wakefulness. University of Chicago Press. Chicago. 1939.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    LAVIE P. - The touch of Morpheus. Pre-20th century accounts of sleepy patients. Neurology. 41, 1841–1844, 1991.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    LILJENBERG B., ALMQVIST M., HETTA J., ROOS B.E., AGREN H. - The prevalence of insomnia: the importance of operationally defined criteria. Ann. Clin. Res. 20, 393–398, 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    LUGARESI E., CIRIGNOTTA F., ZUCCONI M., MONDINI S., LENZI P.L., COCCAGNA G. - Good and poor sleepers: an epidemiological survey of the San Marino population. In: Sleep-Wake Disorders: Natural History, Epidemiology and Long-term Evolution, C. Guilleminault and E. Lugaresi (eds), Raven Press. New York, 1–12, 1983.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    MASA J.F., RUBIO M., FINDLEY L.J. - Habitually sleepy drivers have a high frequency of automobile crashes associated with respiratory disorders during sleep. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 162, 1407–1412, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    OHAYON M.M., CAULET M., PHILIP P., GUILLEMINAULT C., PRIEST R.G. - How sleep and mental disorders are related to complaints of daytime sleepiness. Arch. Intern. Med. 157, 2645–2652, 1997.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    PARTINEN M. - Sleeping habits and sleep disorders in Finnish men, before, during and after military service. Ann. Med. Milit. Fenn. 57, (suppl 1), 1–96, 1982.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    PARTINEN M., RIMPELÄ M. - Sleeping habits and sleep disorders in a population of 2016 Finnish adults. Yearbook of Health Education Research. Helsinki, Finland: National Board of Health. 253–260, 1982.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    ROEHRS T.A., MERRION M., PEDROSI B., STEPANSKI E., ZORICK F., ROTH T. Neuropsychological function in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) compared to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sleep, 18, 382–388, 1995.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    VON ECONOMO C.- Encephalitis lethargica. Urban Schwarzenberg, Wien, 1929.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Billiard
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Neurologie BHôpital Gui de ChauliacMontpellierFrance

Personalised recommendations