Adolescent depression is a set of psychological phenomena characterized by mood, thoughts, and behaviors that range from a mild reactive despondency or sadness to more extreme feelings of dysphoria, hopeless thoughts, and withdrawn or irritable behavior. This entry discusses theories, research, and strategies related to preventing depression in adolescence. The burden of depression on those young people suffering from it, their families and careers, and the community at large is considerable. The financial burden of depression has been estimated to be $43 billion in the United States alone in the mid-1990s, in terms of treatment, absenteeism, loss of production, and early death (Cicchetti & Toth, 1998). These costs will only increase if, as described in an earlier entry in this volume, depression becomes more prevalent and the age of first onset continues to decline.
KeywordsDepression Posit Kelly Toll Preven
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