Physical Fitness, Adulthood

  • James E. Maddux
  • Kimberley A. Dawson


Physical fitness (consisting of cardiopulmonary capacity, muscle strength and endurance, and flexibility) is one of the keys to a longer, healthier, happier life; and regular exercise is one of the most important keys to physical fitness and the prevention of a host of physical and psychological problems. This entry provides a summary of research on the prediction of exercise behavior and on interventions designed to facilitate the initiation and maintenance of regular exercise. It is not concerned with research on the relationship between specific types of exercise and specific aspects of physical fitness but with research on how to motivate people to do whatever they have already decided they should do to improve their physical fitness. The research on the prediction of exercise is considerable, but the research on the effectiveness of interventions to encourage exercise is scant. Therefore, much of what this entry suggests for facilitating the initiation and maintenance of regular exercise is based as much on prediction research as on intervention research.


Exercise Program Physical Fitness Behavioral Medicine Regular Exercise Implementation Intention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • James E. Maddux
  • Kimberley A. Dawson

There are no affiliations available

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