Most knowledge on scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of endothelial cells comes from studies using normal endothelium of large arteries, veins, and sinusoids (Bauman, Imparto, Kim, Yoder, & Grover-Thonson, 1978; Becker & De Bruyn, 1975; Buss, Klose, & Hollweg, 1976; Cho & De Bruyn, 1979; Christensen & Garbasch, 1972; Davies & Bowyer, 1975; Edanaga, 1974; Gertz, Rennels, Forbes, & Nelson, 1975; Groniowsky, Wiczyskowa, & Walski, 1971; Kawamura, Gertz, Sunaga, Rennels, & Nelsen, 1974; Lee & Chieng, 1979; Matonoha & Zechmaister, 1978; Nousek-Goebel & Press, 1986; Paine & Low, 1975; Shimamoto, Yamashita, & Sunaga, 1969; Stewart, Ritchie, & Lynck, 1973; Sunaga, Shimamoto, & Nelson, 1973; Swinehart, Pently, & Kardong, 1976; Wheeler, Gavin, & Herdson, 1973; Wolinsky, 1972). These earlier papers have examined endothelial surface morphological characteristics as seen with immersion and perfusion fixation techniques, and studied their changes related to the effect of pressure on the luminal surface, regional permeability, potential sources of artifacts as well as functional and pathological aspects.
KeywordsPermeability Luminal Cytosol Weinstein Elon
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