Biological terrorism is the intentional release of biological agents into the environment to cause disease or death in a population. The recent anthrax cases in the United States have demonstrated that bioterrorism is a real threat for civilian populations, and that emergency medicine is the first line of defense against any biological attack. Practitioners of emergency medicine need to be prepared for a bioterrorism event, equipped to identify and detect and event, as well as evaluate and treat persons who may have been exposed to biological agents. Emergency medicine practitioners should be familiar with the likely agents that might be used in a bioterrorism event.
KeywordsTetracycline Chloramphenicol Encephalitis Doxycycline Clostridium
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