Centrins, A Novel Group Of Cat2,2+-Binding Proteins In Vertebrate Photoreceptor Cells

  • Uwe Wolfrum
  • Andreas Gießl
  • Alexander Pulvermüller
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 514)


Changes in the intracellular Ca2+-concentration affect the visual signal transduction cascade directly or more often indirectly through Ca2+-binding proteins. Here we review recent findings on centrins in photoreceptor cells of the mammalian retina. Centrins are members of a highly conserved subgroup of the EF-hand super-family of Ca2tbinding proteins commonly associated with centrosome-related structures. In vertebrate photoreceptor cells, centrins are also prominent components in the connecting cilium linking the light sensitive outer segment with the biosynthetically active inner segment compartment. Recent findings demonstrate that Ca2+-activated centrin forms a complex with the visual G-protein transducin in photoreceptor cells. This Ca2+-dependent assembly of G-proteins with centrin is a novel aspect of the supply of signaling proteins in sensory cells, and a potential link between molecular translocations and signal transduction in general.


Basal Body Outer Segment Photoreceptor Cell Spindle Pole Photoreceptor Outer Segment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Uwe Wolfrum
    • 1
  • Andreas Gießl
    • 1
  • Alexander Pulvermüller
    • 2
  1. 1.Johannes Gutenberg-Universität MainzInstitut für ZoologieMainzGermany
  2. 2.Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Universitätsklinikum Charitélnstitut für Medizinische Physik und BiophysikBerlinGermany

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