The Glycosylation of Airway Mucins in Cystic Fibrosis and its Relationship with Lung Infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

  • Philippe Roussel
  • Geneviève Lamblin
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 535)

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common severe genetic disease among Caucasians (1/2500–1/3000 births). It affects the exocrine glands and, in its most typical form, the main symptoms are a chronic pulmonary disease, a pancreatic insufficiency with fat malabsorption, a meconium ileus at birth (in 10% CF neonates) and, later on, cirrhosis and male sterility. The diagnosis is based on the elevation of sweat electrolytes (sweat chloride: ⁥70 mEq/L). In CF, there is a mucus hyper secretion as in chronic bronchitis. However, unlike chronic bronchitis, the CF lung infection is very peculiar and is characterized by infection due to Staphylococcus aureus in early life and, rapidly if not directly, by Pseudomonas aeruginosa which is almost impossible to eradicate and is responsible for most of the morbidity and mortality of the disease (Welsh et al., 1995).

Keywords

Carbohydrate Influenza Disulfide Pseudomonas Tryptophan 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Roussel
    • 1
  • Geneviève Lamblin
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de Biochimie Faculté de MédecineUniversité de LilleLilleFrance

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