Micronutrient Deficiency and Supplementation in Indonesian Infants

Interactions between micronutrients
  • Marjoleine A. Dijkhuizen
  • Frank T. Wieringa
  • Clive E. West
  • Muhilal
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 531)


“Micronutrients” is the collective term used to describe vitamins and trace elements, both of which are required in only small amounts by the body. Vitamins may be present in the diet as such or derived from pro-vitamins. Foods, for instance, can contain vitamin A either as retinol or as pro-vitamin A carotenoids from which vitamin A can be formed. 13-Carotene is the most important pro-vitamin A in the human diet. Vitamins and trace elements such as iron, zinc, and copper serve many metabolic functions, often as part of protein complexes like in haemoglobin and metalloenzymes.


Zinc Deficiency Iron Supplementation Retinol Binding Protein Micronutrient Deficiency Plasma Vitamin 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marjoleine A. Dijkhuizen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Frank T. Wieringa
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Clive E. West
    • 1
  • Muhilal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Human Nutrition and EpidemiologyWageningen UniversityThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity Medical Center NijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department Biology and SocietyVrije UniversityAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Nutrition Research and Developmental CenterBogorIndonesia

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