Wastewater Treatment and Alternative Methods of Swine Manure Treatment and Handling



Conventional municipal wastewater treatment typically comprises preliminary, primary, and secondary treatments. In some cases, additional treatment termed tertiary or advanced treatment may be required for protection of public health and the environment (NRC 1996). These treatments yield treated effluent and a concentrated stream of solids in a liquid called sludge. Treated effluent can be discharged into surface water bodies, applied to croplands, or reused whereas sludge may undergo further treatment processes prior to utilization or disposal (Fig. 5.1).


Anaerobic Digester Biogas Production Biogas Plant Anaerobic Lagoon Swine Manure 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ManitobaWinnipeg

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