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Wheat

  • Harinder Kumar ChaudharyEmail author
  • Vineeta Kaila
  • Shoukat Ahmad Rather
  • Anila Badiyal
  • Waseem Hussain
  • Navdeep Singh Jamwal
  • Anima Mahato
Chapter

Abstract

Ensuring food security in the era of climate change is of major concern to the plant breeders worldwide. Wheat, being the staple food crop of the world, needs more focus by the scientific community for its genetic upgradation and development of cultivars tolerant to prevalent biotic and abiotic stresses. The role of alien gene introgression in utilization of wild genetic resources to enhance the genetic diversity in the cultivated wheat varieties is widely acknowledged. Classical approaches of alien gene transfer like wide hybridization have been practiced to a great extent but are hindered by a number of factors like linkage drag and poor crossability among the species. When such approaches are coupled with novel biotechnological tools, they allow swift, precise and targeted gene transfer. Transgenic approach offers a great advantage in alien gene transfer by keeping aside the problems encountered in previous approaches and opens new avenues for alien gene transfer in wheat, hence ensuring broadening and diversification of wheat genome. This chapter focuses on the successful attempts of alien gene introgression into wheat through various approaches along with their limitations and future prospects.

Keywords

Alien translocations Doubled-haploid production Direct gene transfer Gene pool Triticale Wheat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harinder Kumar Chaudhary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vineeta Kaila
    • 1
  • Shoukat Ahmad Rather
    • 1
  • Anila Badiyal
    • 1
  • Waseem Hussain
    • 1
  • Navdeep Singh Jamwal
    • 1
  • Anima Mahato
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Cytogenetics & Tissue Culture Lab, Department of Crop ImprovementCSK HP Agricultural UniversityPalampurIndia

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