Effects of Sleep Deficiency on Hormones, Cytokines, and Metabolism

  • Orfeu M. Buxton
  • Josiane L. Broussard
  • Alexa Katherine Zahl
  • Martica Hall
Chapter
Part of the Energy Balance and Cancer book series (EBAC, volume 8)

Abstract

What are the best approaches to reduce the staggering health and economic costs of the diabetes and obesity epidemics? Traditional efforts have centered on diet and exercise, which are key health behaviors during wakefulness. Yet, mounting evidence supports the addition of sleep as a third pillar of health. Increasingly, scientific research suggests insufficient sleep puts Americans at risk for weight gain and impaired glucose regulation. Synthesizing epidemiological studies with clinical experiments enables a more complete understanding of these relationships by tying population-level trends to underlying mechanisms and causes. Although the associations between sleep, obesity, and diabetes and their intertwined mechanisms are still emerging, the current “epidemic” of insufficient sleep seems to warrant individual, behavioral, and policy interventions.

Keywords

Sleep Sleep deficiency Insomnia Circadian disruption Cytokines Hormones Glucose metabolism Insulin sensitivity Obesity Diabetes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Orfeu M. Buxton
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Josiane L. Broussard
    • 5
  • Alexa Katherine Zahl
    • 6
  • Martica Hall
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of Sleep MedicineHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biobehavioral HealthPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  4. 4.Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  5. 5.Cedars-Sinai Medical CenterDiabetes and Obesity Research InstituteLos AngelesUSA
  6. 6.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  7. 7.Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Clinical and Translational ScienceUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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