White dwarfs and neutron stars are dense objects left behind when low- and high-mass stars die (respectively). These objects have no ongoing fusion to generate the heat and pressure that normally counteract gravity, so the gas gets crushed to incredibly dense states that are quite unfamiliar to us on Earth. Essentially, gravity squeezes the gas until quantum mechanics pushes back. In this chapter we study white dwarfs in some detail and discuss neutron stars briefly.
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