Fourth Fundamental Circuit Element: SPICE Modeling and Simulation



This chapter deals with two possible stages of exploring the memristor as the fourth fundamental circuit element: (1) generation of the model and (2) simulation of the element behavior with the aid of the model. The initial stage, i.e. modeling of the two-terminal device, belonging to the family of memristors, should be based on the basic rules of a “correct modeling” as proposed by L. Chua. These rules are brought up in the introductory part of the chapter. The characteristics, defining the memristor, in particular the port and state equations, the constitutive relation, and the parameter-vs.-state-map, are the starting points of such a “correct modeling.” Several memristor fingerprints (FPs), which can be deduced from the above characteristics, are summarized. Their knowledge can be useful for determining whether the memristor model, irrespective of its nature (mathematical, software- or hardware-implemented) behaves correctly. Some methods for the implementation of memristor models in the SPICE-family programs are also described.


TiO2 Platinum Sine 



This work was partially supported by the Czech Science Foundation under grant No P102/10/1614, and by the project for development of K217 Dept., UD Brno.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering/MicroelectronicsUniversity of Defence/Brno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of MicroelectronicsBrno University of TechnologyBrnoCzech Republic

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