Minimally Invasive Non-endoscopic Parathyroidectomy



The surgical management of parathyroid disorders has been changing rapidly over the last two decades. Though there are still occasions to utilize the traditional bilateral four-gland exploration, this approach has largely given way to more focused, minimally invasive procedures. This shift has been driven by advancements in medical technology and the surgeon’s ability to use these new tools to more accurately diagnose the extent of the disease, the location of the offending parathyroid glands, and the biochemical completeness of the resection. This chapter reviews the evaluation of primary hyperparathyroidism and details the minimally invasive, non-endoscopic approach to the operative management of this disease.


Parathyroid Gland Parathyroid Adenoma Parathyroid Carcinoma Parathyroid Surgery Strap Muscle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyGeorgia Regents UniversityAugustaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryGRU Thyroid Center, Georgia Regents UniversityAugustaUSA

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