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Antacids, Gastrointestinal Prokinetics, and Proton Pump Inhibitors

Chapter

Abstract

Gastric acid acts as a major defense mechanism of the body by sterilizing the contents entering the digestive tract, prevents colonization of bacteria, and helps in digestion. Too much or too little acidic gastric acid is pathologic and can lead to many disorders including peptic ulcer disease, acid reflux, aspiration, pneumonias, and even cancer. Gastric acid secretion is a complex process, and the pharmacological agents which help decrease the pH and volume of gastric acid are antacids, H2 receptor antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors. Gastrointestinal prokinetics are class of drugs that improve small bowel motility and gastric emptying. We will review the pharmacology of antacids, prokinetics, and PPIs in this chapter.

Keywords

Gastric Emptying Peptic Ulcer Disease Tardive Dyskinesia Erosive Esophagitis Eosinophilic Esophagitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicineUniversity of Louisville School of MedicineLouisvilleUSA

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