Cosmology: The Origin and Fate of the Universe
Cosmology is the study of the origin and fate of the universe. We address the current model of the origin of the universe focusing on the Big Bang theory and evidence in support of the model. The scenario of the ultimate fate of the universe based on its total mass estimate with the involvement of dark matter and dark energy is also discussed. Finally, modern physical theories including the standard model with the basics of elementary particle physics and symmetry principles (and their violation), superstring (M) theory, the multiverse, and wormholes are addressed.