Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Dead in Bed
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients are at increased risk for adverse perioperative outcomes, and for this reason, guidelines have been developed in effort to reduce, if not eliminate, OSA-related perioperative morbidity and mortality. In this chapter, we discuss the anatomy and pathophysiology of OSA, the clinical determinants of OSA severity, as well as the guidelines for monitoring these patients during the perioperative period.
KeywordsObesity Titration Respiration Triad Dilaudid
- 1.Benumof JL. The new ASA OSA guideline. American Society of Anesthesiologists Refresher Courses in Anesthesiol 2007;35:1.Google Scholar
- 5.Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: Recommendations for syndrome definition and measurement techniques in clinical research. The Report of an American Academy of Sleep Medicine Task Force. Sleep 1999;22:667–89.Google Scholar
- 8.Gross JB, Bachenberg KL, Benumof JL, et al. Practice guidelines for the perioperative management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Anesthesiology. 2006;104:1081–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.Minokadeh A, Bishop M, Benumof J. Obstructive sleep apnea, anesthesia, and ambulatory surgery. Anesthesiology News Manual Guide to Airway Management; 2011. p. 72–8.Google Scholar