Nano Aspects of Lithium/Sulfur Batteries

  • Ho-Suk Ryu
  • Hyo-Jun Ahn
  • Ki-Won Kim
  • Jou-Hyeon Ahn
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)


The high specific capacity of sulfur (1675 mAh g−1) and lithium (3800 mAh g−1), with a combined specific energy exceeding 2,600 Wh kg−1, is the driving force behind the development of a rechargeable lithium/sulfur (Li/S) battery. Since sulfur has the advantages of being relatively cheap and nonpoisonous, Li/S cells are more eco-friendly and economical compared to other secondary batteries. However, a considerable amount of research continues in an effort to explain and settle problems associated with Li/S cell technology, such as the insulating nature of sulfur and the solubility of the redox reaction products in the electrolytes, both of which cause a low cycle life and poor rate capability. In addition, the use of elemental lithium metal as an anode increases the potential for explosion by its dendrite. A final problem is the degradation of the capacity by the reaction of lithium with polysulfides in the cells.

This article introduces a combination of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in the Li/S batteries that have been studied to enhance the cycle life and capacity of these batteries by solving the aforementioned main problems.


Polymer Electrolyte Discharge Capacity Liquid Electrolyte Mesoporous Carbon Lithium Metal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ho-Suk Ryu
    • 1
  • Hyo-Jun Ahn
    • 1
  • Ki-Won Kim
    • 1
  • Jou-Hyeon Ahn
    • 1
  1. 1.WCU and PRC of Gyeongsang National UniversityJinjuSouth Korea

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