Nano Aspects of Lithium/Sulfur Batteries

  • Ho-Suk Ryu
  • Hyo-Jun Ahn
  • Ki-Won Kim
  • Jou-Hyeon Ahn
Chapter
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)

Abstract

The high specific capacity of sulfur (1675 mAh g−1) and lithium (3800 mAh g−1), with a combined specific energy exceeding 2,600 Wh kg−1, is the driving force behind the development of a rechargeable lithium/sulfur (Li/S) battery. Since sulfur has the advantages of being relatively cheap and nonpoisonous, Li/S cells are more eco-friendly and economical compared to other secondary batteries. However, a considerable amount of research continues in an effort to explain and settle problems associated with Li/S cell technology, such as the insulating nature of sulfur and the solubility of the redox reaction products in the electrolytes, both of which cause a low cycle life and poor rate capability. In addition, the use of elemental lithium metal as an anode increases the potential for explosion by its dendrite. A final problem is the degradation of the capacity by the reaction of lithium with polysulfides in the cells.

This article introduces a combination of nanomaterials and nanotechnologies in the Li/S batteries that have been studied to enhance the cycle life and capacity of these batteries by solving the aforementioned main problems.

Keywords

TiO2 Lithium Perchlorate Imide La2O3 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ho-Suk Ryu
    • 1
  • Hyo-Jun Ahn
    • 1
  • Ki-Won Kim
    • 1
  • Jou-Hyeon Ahn
    • 1
  1. 1.WCU and PRC of Gyeongsang National UniversityJinjuSouth Korea

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