Phonons in Bulk and Low-Dimensional Systems

  • Zhiping Wang
  • Kitt Reinhardt
  • Mitra Dutta
  • Michael A. StroscioEmail author
Part of the Topics in Applied Physics book series (TAP, volume 128)


This review highlights selected advances of the last decade in the theory of acoustic and optical phonons in dimensionally confined structures. The basic concepts of the elastic continuum and dielectric continuum models are reviewed. Following this review, specific examples of phonon confinement in dimensionally confined structures are highlighted. These examples include: phonons in single wall carbon nanotubes (CNTs), phonons in multi wall nanotubes, graphene sheets, graphene nanoribbons, graphene quantum dots, graphite confined along the c-axis, and wurtzite structures including quantum wells and quantum dots. The review also covers a number of mechanisms underlying carrier–phonon scattering processes. Finally, this review summarizes the mode amplitudes for a variety of nanostructures.



The authors are grateful to AFOSR for supporting portions of the original research reported in this review. One author (Z. P. Wang) wishes to acknowledge CSC for supporting his visit to the University of Illinois at Chicago.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiping Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kitt Reinhardt
    • 3
  • Mitra Dutta
    • 1
    • 4
  • Michael A. Stroscio
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsInner Mongolia UniversityHohhotChina
  3. 3.Air Force Research LaboratoryDaytonUSA
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  5. 5.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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