Organizational/Systems Change

  • Gayle L. Macklem


The move toward population-focused mental health work in schools requires a very difficult paradigmatic change involving systems (Weist, 2003b). Systems change demands challenging shifts in thinking and changes in how things are done in schools (Schrag, 1996). The key components of systems change require a shared vision, strong leadership, structure in the form of a team, and commitment of stakeholders. It requires support for integrating changes into the general fabric of the school or district and funding that is steady. It is critical to appreciate that systems change takes time. A consensus is that systems change takes 3–5 years (Schrag, 1996, p. 494). Change is messy. “Change is about adaptation and resiliency” (Glor, 2007, p. 2). The capacity of a system (a school) to change, and also to maintain itself, is one indicator that the system is “fit.” Fit systems are complex and the various components interact with one another. As components interact, change can emerge.


Behavior Change Preventive Intervention Organizational Change Innovation Theory Change Agent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayle L. Macklem
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts School of Professional PsychologyNewtonUSA

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