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Management of Asthma: The Current US and European Guidelines

  • Ashwini P. Reddy
  • Meera R. GuptaEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 795)

Abstract

Asthma management guidelines aim to improve the implementation of current knowledge into daily clinical practice by establishing a consensus of scientific practices for the management of asthma. Initial guidelines were based on consensus of expert opinion in order to employ a severity-based classification system as a guide to treatment. However, advances in asthma research led to the development of evidence-based guidelines and a major paradigm shift to control-based asthma management. Control-based management is central to the published guidelines developed by The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA), and The British Thoracic Society (BTS), each one using the same volume of evidence but emphasizing aspects particular to their specific patient populations and socioeconomic needs. This chapter summarizes the evolution of these guidelines and summarizes the key points and evidence used in the recommendations for the assessment, monitoring, and management of asthma in all ages, with particular emphasis on the NHLBI guidelines.

Keywords

Asthma Asthma: management NHLBI guidelines Asthma: drug therapy Humans Practice guidelines as topic GINA guidelines BTS guidelines Asthma: pediatric guidelines Asthma: diagnosis Asthma: treatment 

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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