• Emico Okuno
  • Luciano Fratin
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


The bones that form the skeleton are made of an organic matrix—collagen, and inorganic crystals of calcium and phosphate, plus water. The bones are made to support the body's weight as well as quite larger stresses. Collagen is responsible for bone's great elasticity and the inorganic crystals for their resistance to tensile and compressive forces. The elastic properties of bone are compared with those of steel-reinforced concrete.


Compressive Strength Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Intervertebral Disc Cervical Vertebra Elastic Limit 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emico Okuno
    • 1
  • Luciano Fratin
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de FísicaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de EngenhariaFundação Armando Álvares PenteadoSão PauloBrazil

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