Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by an aberrant response to dietary gluten in genetically susceptible individuals that results in small intestinal injury and can be associated with diverse systemic consequences. CD usually resolves on a gluten-free diet (GFD); however, ongoing pharmacological and vaccine trials hold promise for the future. Historically, CD was once considered a rare condition seen predominantly in those of northern European ancestry. Today, we now recognize that CD is quite common, yet it remains underdiagnosed by clinicians despite the increased attention it has been receiving in the public sector due in large part to investigations by the various contributors of this book as well as by CD foundations and support groups (see Appendix A).
KeywordsIrritable Bowel Syndrome Celiac Disease Human Leukocyte Antigen Turner Syndrome Gluten Free Diet
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