Analysis of Crowd Dynamics with Laboratory Experiments

Chapter
Part of the The International Series in Video Computing book series (VICO, volume 11)

Abstract

For the proper understanding and modelling of crowd dynamics, reliable empirical data is necessary for analysis and verification. Laboratory experiments give us the opportunity to selectively analyze parameters independently of undesired influences and adjust them to high densities seldom seen in field studies. The setup of the experiments, the extraction of the trajectories of the pedestrians and the analysis of the resulting data are discussed.Two strategies for the time-efficient automatic collection of accurate pedestrian trajectories from stereo recordings are presented. One strategy uses markers for detection and the other one is based on a perspective depth field. Measurement methods for quantities like density, velocity and specific flow are compared. The fundamental diagrams from trajectories for different experiments are analyzed.

Keywords

Assure Pyramid 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was performed within the project funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) KL 1873/1-1 and SE 1789/1-1 and the project Hermes funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) Program on “Research for Civil Security – Protecting and Saving Human Life”.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jülich Supercomputing CentreForschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülichGermany
  2. 2.Computer Simulation for Fire Safety and Pedestrian TrafficBergische Universität WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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