Assessing Public Participation Through Different Lens: The Case of Public Participation Geographic Information Systems

Chapter
Part of the Public Administration and Information Technology book series (PAIT, volume 3)

Abstract

Public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) pertain to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to broaden public involvement in policymaking. Despite the importance of this topic, there is a lack of evaluation methods regarding the participation of the public through PPGISs. To fill this gap, the objective of this study is to analyze the level of e-democracy of PPGIS’s websites and identify lessons that will enable PPGIs to develop appropriate strategies for e-democracy implementation and diffusion. To achieve the above-mentioned objectives, we analyze PPGISs websites; we also apply a multiple case study methodology.

Keywords

Public participation ICT PPGIS Evaluation framework e-Democracy 

References

  1. Abelson, J. (2006). Assessing the impacts of public participation: Concepts, evidence, and policy implications, Ottawa. : Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc.Google Scholar
  2. Arnstein, S. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Planning Association, 35(4), 216–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anttiroiko, A. V. (2007). Democratic e-Governance basic concepts, issue and future trends. Digest of Electronic Government Policy and Regulation, 30, 83–90.Google Scholar
  4. Cabiddu F. (2012). Misurazione dell’e-democracy nelle amministrazioni provinciali:un caso esplorativo. Azienda Pubblica, 2 (apr-giu), 159-186.Google Scholar
  5. Cabiddu F. (2009). The use of web services for inclusive decision process: Towards the Enhancement of E-Democracy. In Alessandro D’Atri; Domenico Saccà (Eds.), Information Systems: People, Organizations, Institutions, and Technologies. Heidelberg, Germany: Physica-Verlag, Springer.Google Scholar
  6. Carver, S. (2003). The future of participatory approaches using geographic information: developing a research agenda for the 21st Century. URISA Journal, 15(1), 61–71.Google Scholar
  7. Censis – Rur. (2004).E-democracy: un’opportunità per tutti?. Roma: CENSIS.Google Scholar
  8. Curry, M. (1995). Rethinking rights and responsibilities in geographic information systems: Beyond the Power of the Image. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, 22(1), 58–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Demchak C. C., Friis C., & La Porte T. M. (2000), Webbing governance: national differences in constructing the public face. In G. D. Garson (ed.), Handbook of public information systems. New York: Marcel Dekker Publishers.Google Scholar
  10. Dunn, C. (2007). Participatory GIS: a people GIS? Progress in Human Geography, 31(5), 616–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Eisenhardt, K. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532–550.Google Scholar
  12. Floreddu, P., Cabiddu, F., & Pettinao, D. (2011). Public participation in environmental decision-making: the case of PPGIS. In A. D’Atri, M. Ferrara, & J. F. George (Eds.), Information Technology And Innovation Trends In Organizations. Heidelberg, Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Ganapati, S. (2011). Uses of public participation geographic information systems application in e-Governement. Public Administration Review, 71(3), 425–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gant D. B., & Gant J. P. (2002) Enhancing E-Service Delivery, E-government series, state web portals: delivering and financing e-service. Price waterhouse Coopers Endowment.Google Scholar
  15. Goodchild, M. F. (2007). Citizens as voluntary sensors: Spatial Data Infrastructure in the World of Web 2.0. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research, 2, 24–32.Google Scholar
  16. Grönlund, A., (2009). ICT is not participation is not democracy: eParticipation development models revisited. In A. Macintosh, & E. Tambouris (Eds.), Proceedings of 1 st International Conference on Electronic Participation, ePart 2009 (pp. 12–23). Berlin: Springer-LNCS 5694.Google Scholar
  17. Grönlund, A. (2002). Electronic Government: design, Application and Management. London, UK: Idea Group Publishing.Google Scholar
  18. Jankowsky, P. (2009). Toward participatory geographic information system for community based environmental decision making. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(6), 1966–1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jordan, G. (2002). GIS for community forestry user groups in Nepal: putting people before the technology. In W. Craig, T. Harris, & D. Weiner (Eds.), Community participation and geographic information systems (pp. 232–245). London, UK: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  20. Kingston, R. (2007). Public participation in local policy decision-making: the role of web-based mapping. Cartographic Journal, 44(2), 138–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hansen, H. S., & Prosperi, D. C. (2005). Citizen participation and internet GIS: Some recent advances. Computers Environment and Urban System, 9(6), 617–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Holden, S. H. (2003). The evolution of information technology management at the federal level: implications for public administration. In G. D. Garson (Ed.), Public Information Technology Policy and Management Issues (pp. 53–73). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.Google Scholar
  23. Laituri, M. (2003). The Issue of Access: An Assessment, Guide for Evaluating Public Participation Geographic Information Science Case Studies. URISA Journal, 15(2), 25–32.Google Scholar
  24. Macintosh, A., & Whyte, A. (2008). Towards an evaluation framework for eParticipation. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 2(1), 16–30.Google Scholar
  25. Macintosh, A. (2004). Characterizing E-Participation in Policy-Making. Proceedings of the 37° Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, January 5–8, 2004, Big Island, Hawaii.Google Scholar
  26. Miles, M., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Nyerges, T., Ramsey, K., & Wilson, M. (2006). Design Considerations for an Internet Portal to Support Public Participation in Transportation Improvement Decision Making. In S. Balram & S. Dragićević (Eds.), Collaborative Geographic Information Systems (pp. 208–236). Hershey, PA: Idea Group.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. OECD. (2001). Citizens as Partners: Information, consultation and public participation in policy-making. Paris.: OECD.Google Scholar
  29. Obermeyer, N. (1998). PPGIS: The Evolution of Public Participation GIS. Cartography and GIS, 25, 65–66.Google Scholar
  30. Peng, Z. R. (2001). Internet GIS for public participation. Environmental and Planning B., 28, 889–905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pina, V., Torres, L., & Royo, S. (2007). Are ICT’s improving transparency and accountability in the EU regional and local development. Public Administration, 85(2), 449-472.Google Scholar
  32. Rowe, G., & Frewer, L. J. (2000). Public participation methods: a framework for evaluation. Science, Technology and Human Values, 25(1), 3–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rowe, G., Marsh, R., & Frewer, L. J. (2004). Evaluation of a deliberative conference. Science, Technology and Human Values, 29(1), 88–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sæbø, Ø., Rose, J., & Skiftenes Flak, L. (2008). The shape of eParticipation: characterizing an emerging research area. Government Information Quarterly, 25(3), 400–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sieber, R. (2006). Public participation geographic information systems: a literature review and framework. Annals of Association of American Geographers, 96(3), 491–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schlossberg, M., & Shuford, E. (2003). Delineating “Public” and “Participation” in PPGIS. URISA Journal, 16(2), 15–26.Google Scholar
  37. The EcoCities Spatial Portal (http://www.ppgis.manchester.ac.uk/ecocities/).
  38. Tulloch, D. L., & Shapiro, T. (2003). The intersection of data access and public participation: impacting GIS users’ success? URISA Journal, 15(2), 55–60.Google Scholar
  39. Turner, A., & Forrest, B. (2008). Where 2.0: The State of the Geospatial Web.,http://radar.oreilly.com/research/where2-report.html
  40. Yildiz, M. (2007). e-Government research: Reviewing the literature, limitations, and ways forward. Government Information Quarterly, 24(3), 646–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yin, R. K. (2008). Case Study Research: Design and Methods (4th ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CagliariCagliariItaly

Personalised recommendations