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Arteriovenous Malformations: Viewpoint—Surgery

Abstract

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are congenital vascular lesions that can develop anywhere in the central nervous system. The hemodynamic flow patterns within an AVM determine the probability of it hemorrhaging into the brain. The angioarchitecture of the AVM, its location in eloquent brain tissue, and its venous drainage pattern are important characteristics to consider when assessing surgical risk. Preoperative planning with noninvasive imaging modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging, along with minimally invasive cerebral angiography, provides objective data that the cerebrovascular neurosurgeon can use to accurately determine the risks of surgical resection and discuss them with the patient. Additionally, preoperative embolization can also be a useful adjunct to AVM resection, making surgical resection safer. In situations where incomplete resection is performed, stereotactic radiosurgery can be a useful adjunct to the treatment plan. This chapter will address a multidisciplinary approach to AVM treatment planning, surgical tenets of AVM resection, and perioperative pitfalls.

Keywords

Compute Tomography Angiography Diffusion Tensor Imaging Magnetic Resonance Angiography Digital Subtraction Angiography Preoperative Embolization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgerySUNY Upstate Medical UniversitySyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyPrasat Neurological InstituteRajtheveeThailand

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