Alternative Future Therapies for Lysosomal Storage Diseases: Embryonic Stem Cell- and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapy

Chapter
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

There are 40 known genetically inherited lysosomal storage diseases, most of which are caused by a mutation(s) in a single gene or enzyme [1]. This category of diseases may provide a good platform for the field of regenerative medicine to apply new therapeutical methods: stem cell therapy and induced pluripotent stem cell therapy. Stem cells are defined by two properties, the ability to self-renew indefinitely and the ability to differentiate into specialized cells. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are pluripotent; they have the capacity to generate all cell types of the body. With the more recent advances in this field, somatic cells can now be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) which are functionally equivalent to ESCs. These cells hold much promise for future therapeutic applications. In this chapter, we provide an overview of (iPSC) technology and discuss ESC therapy and iPSC therapy in the context of their potential application in lysosomal storage diseases.

Keywords

Dopamine Leukemia Recombination Anemia Retina 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arie Koen Braat
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paul J. Coffer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Niels Geijsen
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Cell BiologyUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Center for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, Wilhelmina Children’s HospitalUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Hubrecht Institute for Developmental Biology and Stem Cell ResearchUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Utrecht University Veterinary SchoolUtrechtThe Netherlands

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