ENT Board Prep pp 331-349 | Cite as

Facial Plastics

  • Chaz L. Stucken
  • Joshua D. Rosenberg
Chapter

Abstract

The major tip support mechanisms of the nose include: The intrinsic size, shape, and strength of the lower lateral cartilages. The attachments of the medial crura of lower lateral cartilages with the caudal septum. And the attachments of the lower lateral cartilages with the upper lateral cartilages (scroll region). Pollybeak deformity is a soft-tissue or cartilage fullness of the supratip that can be caused by inadequate tip support and decreased tip projection, inadequate reduction of dorsal hump, inadequate reduction of anterior septal angle/reduce additional anterior septal angle, excessive reduction of columella/columellar strut, or supratip dead space scar formation

references

  1. 1.
    Altshuler GB, Yaroslavsky I. Absorption characteristics of tissues as a basis for the optimal wavelength choice in photodermatology. Burlington, MA: Palomar Medical Technologies Inc; 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baker DC. Lateral SMASectomy, plication and short scar facelifts: indications and techniques. Clin Plast Surg. 2008;35(4):533–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baker SR. Triplane rhytidectomy. Combining the best of all worlds. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123(11):1167–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Binder WJ. A comprehensive approach for aesthetic contouring of the midface in rhytidectomy. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 1993;1:231–55.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bloom JD, Immerman SB, Rosenberg DB. Face-lift complications. Facial Plast Surg. 2012;28(3):260–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carruthers J, Fagien S, Matarasso SL. Botox Consensus Group. Consensus recommendations on the use of botulinum toxin type a in facial aesthetics. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004;114(6 Suppl):1S–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Choucair RJ, Hamra ST. Extended superficial musculaponeurotic system dissection and composite rhytidectomy. Clin Plast Surg. 2008;35(4):607–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cilento BW, Johnson Jr CM. The case for open forehead rejuvenation: a review of 1004 procedures. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2009;11(1):13–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Crumley RL, Lanser M. Quantitative analysis of nasal tip projection. Laryngoscope. 1998;98(2):202–8.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Daniel RK. The nasal tip: anatomy and aesthetics. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992;89(2):216–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dolan RW. Facial plastic, reconstructive, and trauma surgery. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.; 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Goldberg DJ. Laser dermatology. Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hamilton D. Nonsurgical facial rejuvenation. In: Masters techniques in facial rejuvenation. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2007. p. 261–74Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hamra ST. The deep-plane rhytidectomy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1990;86(1):53–61;discussion 62–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hamra ST. Composite rhytidectomy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992;90(1):1–13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kamer FM, Markarian A. Deep-plane technique. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8(3):193–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kim JE, Sykes JM. Hyaluronic acid fillers: history and overview. Facial Plast Surg. 2011;27(6):523–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kontis TC, Papel ID, Larrabee WF. Surgical anatomy of the eyelids. Facial Plast Surg. 1994;10(1):1–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Krishnaswamy A, Baranoski GVG. A biophysically-based spectral model of light interaction with human skin. Eurographics. 2004;23(4):331–40.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee AS, Thomas AR. Lower lid blepharoplasty and canthal surgery. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2005;13(4):541–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Maas C, Kane MA, Bucay VW, Allen S, Applebaum DJ, Baumann L, Cox SE, Few JW, Joseph JH, Lorenc ZP, Moradi A, Nestor MS, Schlessinger J, Wortzman M, Lawrence I, Lin X, Nelson D. Current aesthetic use of abobotulinumtoxinA in clinical practice: an evidence-based consensus review. Aesthet Surg J. 2012;32(1 Suppl):8S–29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mittelman H. The anatomy of the aging mandible and its importance to facelift surgery. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 1994;2:301–11.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Papel ID. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. New York: Thieme; 2009.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Parikh S, Most SP. Rejuvenation of the upper eyelid. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2010;18(3):427–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Perkins SW. The evolution of the combined use of endonasal and external columellar approaches to rhinoplasty. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2004;12(1):35–50.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Punthakee X, Mashkevich G, Keller GS. Endoscopic forehead and brow-lift. Facial Plast Surg. 2010;26(3):239–51.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ramirez OM, Malliard GF, Musolas A. The extended subperiosteal face lift: a definitive soft-tissue remodeling for facial rejuvenation. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1991;88(2):227–36;discussion 237–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Roberts WE. Skin type classification systems old and new. Dermatol Clin. 2009;27(4):529–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Terino EO. Alloplastic facial contouring by zonal principles of skeletal anatomy. Clin Plast Surg. 1992;19:487–93.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Toriumi DM. Structural approach to primary rhinoplasty. Aesthet Surg J. 2002;22(2):72–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Toriumi DM, Becker DG. Rhinoplasty dissection manual. Philadelphia: Lippincott; 1999.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Toriumi DM, Checcone MA. New concepts in nasal tip contouring. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2009;17(1):55–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaz L. Stucken
    • 1
  • Joshua D. Rosenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryThe Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations