General Pediatric Otolaryngology

  • Jeffrey Cheng
  • Eric Berg


Croup-like symptoms on presentation for the child <6 months of age should be of concern for possible subglottic hemangioma. After maximization of medical therapy, adenoidectomy is the first-line surgical option for recurrent, acute sinusitis/adenoiditis in children. Consider adenoidectomy to help treat underlying Eustachian tube dysfunction. Nasal polyposis in a child should prompt a work-up for cystic fibrosis. Torticollis or decreased neck range of motion post-tonsillectomy should be suspicious for Grisel’s syndrome. Neck masses in children are most commonly the result of an infectious process.


Down Syndrome Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Pleomorphic Adenoma Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Aphthous Stomatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Baugh RF, Archer SM, Mitchell RB, et al. Clinical practice guideline: tonsillectomy in children. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;144(1 Suppl):S1–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    DeMuri GP, Wald ER. Clinical practice. Acute bacterial sinusitis in children. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(12):1128–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    de Serres LM, Sie KC, Richardson MA. Lymphatic malformations of the head and neck. A proposal for staging. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117(4):416–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fuchsmann C, Quintal MC, Giguere C, et al. Propranolol as first-line treatment of head and neck hemangiomas. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011;137(5):471–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grisaru-Soen G, Komisar O, Aizenstein O, et al. Retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscess in children—epidemiology, clinical features and treatment. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74(9):1016–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Peridis S, Pilgrim G, Koudoumnakis E, et al. PFAPA syndrome in children: a meta-analysis on surgical versus medical treatment. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74(11):1203–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shulman ST. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococci (PANDAS): update. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2009;21(1):127–30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Waner M, Suen JY. Management of congenital vascular lesions of the head and neck. Oncology (Williston Park). 1995;9(10):989–94. 997; discussion 998 passim.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Cheng
    • 1
  • Eric Berg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryNorth Shore-Long Island Jewish Health SystemNew Hyde ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryThe University of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

Personalised recommendations