Dentoalveolar Fractures

  • William Hoffman
  • Peter J. Taub


Each tooth that sits within the maxilla or mandible is surrounded by softer alveolar bone. Dense cortical bone covers the exposed surface of the alveolar process as well as the underlying cancellous bone (see Fig. 12.1). The actual tooth socket is lined with thin, compact bone that is penetrated by blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. Connective tissue fibers (“Sharpey fibers”) of the periodontal membrane hold the teeth to the surrounding bone. With dental loss, the surrounding alveolar process undergoes atrophy.


Root Canal Alveolar Process Dense Cortical Bone Connective Tissue Fiber Mandible Fracture 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryMount Sinai Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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